"Get into the Know"
interesting of course....but no one should be surprised that history will always be rewritten by those that are in power.. Many rulers wan to proof that their position is the logical consequence of a process that started centuries ago, and has inevitably led in a process of progress culminating in their position. there was a time that even a divine topping was added to it. alas history had no logic, and many a ruler was playing with his mistress when the enemy was gathering at the gates. and many a battle was ended after half an hour hacking sword on each other. just trying hacking into something, then you know why ancient warfare does not last as long as now, when you can pilot drones from the comfort of your monitor at an air conditionated office in texas. anyhow...
the point i want to make, in those days, before some merchants suddenly saw profit in shipping slaves to the new west, race and color did not matter that much. you had enemies of course, thise you would try to kill, and you had friends, those at times you would betray..but as such it did not matter so much how they looked like. racism was invented once there was money to be made.
the then greatest power that had existed, the roman empire, had been color blind. slaves could be white, mostly would be white. the empire stretched into northern africa, and emperors could come from every part. often they came from spain, but least three of them were african, black. not that it mattered a lot, it just was part of their description., it was just mentioned by the way, so nothing special...most likely there ve been more of them. equally when the portuguese ships started to sail south direction africa, they n egociated treaties with the local african kingdoms, rather than trying to subjugate them. the obi of benin, now part of nigeria, thus exchanged ambassadors with the king of portugal. of course some other warlords of africa started to sell slaves to the whites as well, but nothing was then set in racist tones (yet)
the problem really started with some fundamentalist catholic spanish kings. the reconquista was more against muslims than against blacks, but then for the first time the bible was used to proof their own divine superiotity as catholic male whites over the rest of the world, including muslims, blacks, chinese, animals, and even their own women. according to the then interpretation, even a white woman had no soul, and thus could not go to heaven, and thus was as good as an animal. on the other hand, an african male could be christened and thus saved...
peculiar times, but racism, and sexism as well grew out of a supremacist reading of the bible. and to serve the best interest of the rulers.
bit obviously before that happened, the worl was colorblind, and some of the most refined culture came out of africa equally out of china...but not that much out of europe, one of its greatest rules, charles the great, signed his documents with an X , because he could not read nor write, and he was not even ashamed to admit it